• Among plant nutrients, nitrogen (N) is the most important. Its importance as a growth- and yield-determining nutrient has led to large and rapid increases in N application rates, but often with poor use efficiency. Nitrogen management requires special attention in its use so that the large losses can be minimized and the efficiency maximized. Site-specific nutrient management (SSNM) has been found especially useful to achieve the goals of improved productivity and higher N use efficiency (NUE). Leaf color charts and chlorophyll meters assist in the prediction of crop N needs for rice and wheat, leading to greater N-fertilizer efficiency at various yield levels. Crop simulation models can be used in combination with field information and actual weather data to make recommendations to achieve higher NUE. Remote sensing tools are also used to predict crop N demands precisely. At the same time, traditional techniques like
    balanced fertilization, integrated N management (INM), use of nitrification
    inhibitors and slow-release nitrogenous fertilizers (SRNF), split application and nutrient budgeting, among others, are also used to supplement recent N management techniques to attain higher productivity and NUE, and reduce environmental pollution through the leakage of fertilizer N.

  • Ram A. Jata, Suhas P. Wania, Kanwar L. Sahrawata, Piara Singha International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, Patancheru, India

    S.R. Dhaka SK Rajasthan Agricultural
    University, Bikaner, India

    B.L. Dhaka Maharana Pratap University of Agriculture and
    Technology, Udaipur, India



    Copyright: ©2012 Taylor & Francis

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