Water and energy shortages have motivated the development
and deployment of a diverse suite of technologies to
support our growth beyond the traditional limitations of natural
resources. These technologies are diverse not only with respect
to method and use, but also in the anticipated consequences of
their operation. Our ability to desalinate billions of gallons of
seawater daily to satisfy a global water demand that exceeds
accessible freshwater resources can be deemed a technological
triumph. However, we also recognize that long-term solutions to
energy and water shortages cannot rely on provision of one
through intense consumption of the other; the vast amount of
energy used daily in desalination for potable water production
must also be conserved.
Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06520-8286, United States
Copyright: dx.doi.org/10.1021/es202576h r2011 American Chemical Society.