• Water and energy represent two essential and interrelated resources for manufacturing systems. Thus, measures to increase resource efficiency
    have to take a joint analysis of both resources into account. Common methods of analysis focus on one of both resources only. A combined
    approach considering especially the interrelation between water and energy is insufficiently addressed. Against this background, the paper
    proposes a water-(energy) flow model comprising all relevant water flows as well as manufacturing, supply and disposal areas of a factory. An
    integrated simulation enables the evaluation of dynamic effects of production subsystems, e.g. cooling towers. The application of the model is demonstrated using a case study from the automotive industry.

  • Ina Schlei-Peters, Matthias Gerhard Wichmann , Thomas Stefan Spengler Institute of Automotive Management and Industrial Production, Technische Universität Braunschweig, Mühlenpfordtstr. Braunschweig, Germany

    Denis Kurle, Sebastian Thiede, Christoph Herrmann Sustainable Manufacturing and Life Cycle Engineering Research Group, Institute of Machine Tools and Production Technology (IWF), Technische Universität
    Braunschweig, Langer Kamp 19b, Braunschweig, Germnay



    Copyright: © 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license

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