Data on Water and Sanitation
The Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC), through its Compact with the government of Lesotho (GoL), awarded $164-million over five years for investment in improved water supplies and sanitation facilities for rural and urban domestic, commercial, and industrial users. As part of its commitment to transparently and thoroughly monitor and evaluate its activities, the MCC contracted NORC in 2007 to conduct an impact evaluation of its water sector activities. This report presents the Impact Evaluation of the Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Activity (RWSSA). RWSSA originally included 250 rural water supply points and 10,000 VIP latrines and had a budget of $30.2 million (18 percent of the $164-million Water Project in the Compact). In order to increase the coverage of VIP latrines in participating villages, MCC subsequently increased the budget to $40.1 million and the Government of Lesotho (GOL) contributed $17.1 million to RWSSA. In addition, the target for VIP latrines coverage was increased from 10,000 to 27,245 in the Lesotho M&E Plan. When the Lesotho Compact ended in September 2013, 175 water systems (70% of the target) and 29,352 VIP latrines (108% of the target) had been installed. Implementation continued post-Compact with approximately $5.3 million of additional funding from the GOL; ultimately, 250 water systems (100% of the target), and 31,768 VIP latrines (117% of the revised target), were completed. The total cost of RWSSA, including MCC and GOL funding during the Compact and after, was approximately $60 million. Households impacted by the program are located in villages that were identified by the Department of Rural Water Supply (DRWS) as lacking access to safe drinking water and adequate sanitation.